True History of the Kelly Gang (U.K./France/Australia, 2019)

May 07, 2020
A movie review by James Berardinelli
True History of the Kelly Gang Poster

Justin Kurzel’s True History of the Kelly Gang opens with a warning that nothing in the film is true. Although that might be stretching things a bit, it puts viewers on notice that the events depicted herein adopt as gospel the Robin Hood-like Aussie folklore that has developed around bushranger Ned Kelly (George MacKay) and his gang of outlaws. As with Peter Carey’s source material, factual history is not a particular concern. (Or, as it’s said, never let facts get in the way of a good story.)  

True to its opening caption, everything about True History of the Kelly Gang emphasizes its Tall Tale aspects, from the electric, trippy cinematography to the larger-than-life performances of the lead actors. The movie is dark and brutal, illustrating the tensions between the British overlords and those who have been exiled to the Land Down Under. Class and sexuality play important roles in the movie’s panorama, with Ned’s personality shaped by both. Born into poverty, his youth is an unending litany of violence and deprivation. As an adult, he is shown having relationships with women and men. The movie frequently touches on issues of gender conformity: male members of the Kelly gang sometimes wear women’s clothing and a character remarks about how having sex while wearing a dress makes him feel like he’s breaking the rules. Those on the lookout for Oedipal inferences will find plenty here in the relationship between Ned and his sassy mother, Ellen (Essie Davis).

Ned’s early days are no picnic. His father dies while serving a jail term for butchering a cow (an act committed by Ned). In addition to being the “man of the house,” he’s also one too many mouths to feed, so his mother sells him to outlaw Harry Power (Russell Crowe), who teaches him the finer points of terrorizing and murder. When Ned returns to his family after a decade’s absence, he finds things have changed. He forms an uneasy friendship with a constable, Fitzpatrick (Nicholas Hoult), but that falls apart after he pursues a liaison with Mary Hearn (Thomasin McKenzie), one of the workers at the local brothel.

True History of the Kelly Gang effectively chronicles the main character’s evolution from an angry, neglected youth into the figure whose acts of violence against the British have made him legendary. For more than 60 minutes, things progress at a good clip. The second half of the movie, however, which illustrates some of the Kelly Gang’s exploits (including the disastrous Glenrowan shootout in which Ned is injured and captured), is less sure. It jumps around and at times it seems as if large chunks of narrative have gone missing. Ned’s narration (from a letter written to his unborn daughter) does what it can to fill in the gaps.